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1. An average person is supposed to drink eight glasses of water a day which is roughly two litres per day, as the average drinking water bottled that are sold in the Malaysian market is 500ml which would be 4 bottles a day, 28 bottles in a week, 112 bottles in a month and shockingly 1400 bottles in a year. Our bodies are composed primarily of water, between 55 to 78 percent. This is why water is vital to us. Human beings can live on water alone. In fact, we can last for several weeks just by drinking water. Without it, we can only last for a few days due to dehydration, causing our vital organs to malfunction and eventually fail. Truthfully, our body need water to survive.

2. Do you know what humans, plants and fish has in common? No? Well, we humans along with plants and fish need water to survive. But every water we drink especially commercially sold water in the market has the level of uncertainty effects for our health which we are unaware of just yet. I myself am an avid H20 drinker and I have noticed how plastic water bottled effected our health, financial and environment.

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3. Today, I would like to to encourage all of you here to become involved in stopping the use of plastic especially plastic water bottled. Firstly , I will look into the usage of plastic water bottled effects on our health. Secondly, I want to explain the comparisons of prices for buying disposable water bottled and reusable water bottled to our finances. And finally, I will talk about how our mere actions and ignorance are affecting our environment.

4. Nowadays, millions of people especially from the developing countries favour the usage of commercially sold drinking water bottled. As stated in the article “A million bottles a minute : world’s plastic binge as dangerous as climate change” by The Guardian that “A million plastic bottles are bought around the world every minute and the number will jump another 20% by 2021, creating an environmental crisis some campaigners predict will be as serious as climate change.” It is clearly that the demands of these production are getting higher ever year but as a consumer we also have to know the after effects of our actions as well.

5. Let’s be honest every one of us in this room have had one of these in our lives. We often bought these single-used drinking water bottled whenever we want to be convenient in our daily lives. Do you think that this water bottled are convenient and safe thirst quenchers? Think again! Drinking from these is not necessarily safe as you think. First of all, drinking out of disposable water bottled have its negative effects to us. I have done my research and found out that this convenient water bottled are made out of Bisphenol A (BPA), the chemical used to make the plastic hard and clear. Usually, plastic containers that have chemicals like this can seep into the water. As such, we as consumers are drinking in these harmful chemicals. The risk is greater in areas where the product is exposed to direct sunlight.

6. The main chemicals that are used to produce plastics is none other than bisphenol A, or BPA. It is an endocrine disruptor that is in widely used products such as plastic food and beverage bottles and the lining of metal cans. If it is heated, repeated washing, acidity, and alkalinity cause the BPA in plastics to leach into our food and beverages. Further, BPA leaches into our groundwater from all the plastic sitting in landfills. And without doubt we ingest BPA from all the fish we eat that has previously ingested all that plastic floating around in the ocean.

7. This chemical can imitate the body’s hormones, and it can interfere with the production and secretion of natural hormones. BPA can behave in a similar way to estrogen and other hormones in the human body. Infants and young children are said to be especially sensitive to the effects of BPA. Research suggests it can impact human health in various ways and one of the impacts is toward reproductive disorder. In 2013, scientists from Brigham and Women’s Hospital published findings showing that BPA exposure can affect egg maturation in humans. A review of previous studies, published in 2015, found evidence that BPA can interfere with endocrine function involving the hypothalamus and the pituitary gland it also can affect puberty and ovulation, and that it may lead to infertility.

8. Other than that, plastic water bottled is also made out of PET: polyethylene terephthalate. PET is commonly used in commercially sold water bottles. While it is generally considered a safe alternative of plastic, and does not contain BPA but in the presence of heat it can leach antimony, a toxic metalloid, into food and beverages, which can cause vomiting, diarrhea and stomach ulcers. Shockingly, some studies have shown up to 100 times the amount of antimony in bottled water than in clean groundwater. The longer the bottle is on the shelf or exposed to heat or sunshine, the more antimony is likely to have leached into the product.

9. It cannot be denied that we spend way more on disposable water bottled rather than using reusable water bottled instead. According to an article “We’re Now At A Million Plastic Bottles Per Minute – 91% Of Which Are Not Recycled” stated that Several recent reports indicate the dire global situation associated with the world’s plastic use. Two statistics jump out immediately. One, that globally humans buy a million plastic bottles per minute. The second, 91% of all plastic is not recycled. On top of that, it is estimated that over half a trillion plastic bottles will be sold in 2020. It is obviously known that filtered tap water is cheaper than the water bottles that are sold in the market.

10. As we can see nowadays, the media often broadcasts news related to the environment as such especially how plastics wastage are affecting our environment. It goes to the massive extent from our environment worldwide and to our precious animals in the wild and the marine life as well. Plastic bottles are commonly made from polyethylene terephthalate (Pet), which take up to 400 years to naturally decompose, yet is highly recyclable. On geologic timescales, 400 years is not significant and one may make the claim that we can just wait it out until the bottles naturally decompose. However, there are two significant issues with this. There are no signs of decreasing plastic use, hence the plastic decomposition clock will constantly be reset. Secondly, and more importantly, we must understand how this increase in plastic waste globally will impact other systems and their function.

11. Apart from that, now that I have told everyone here the factors why we should stop the usage of plastic water bottles then I will tell you on how to overcome this matter. These steps can help us to avoid the effects of using disposable water bottled. Firstly, we have to drink from filtered tap water to ensure our safety. According to the article “Glass bottles vs. Plastic bottles” glass bottles is a more safer alternatives than disposable plastic water bottles because since glass bottles are nonporous, there is far less of a chance for bacteria and other harmful chemicals can leach into our drinking water when compared to plastic water bottles. Not only do glass bottles offer a better taste to us, they also are much easier to recycle.

12. In term of taste and reusability, one of the best characteristics of glass bottles, when compared to plastic water bottles, is the pure taste from glass bottles. If you have ever drink water from a glass bottle, you have probably noticed that there is little to no taste present. However, when drinking from a plastic water bottle, you may have noticed there is an odd taste that just won’t seem to go away. Some scientists have linked this phenomenon to the fact that plastic water bottles contain polymers that can alter the flavour of the liquid they are holding.

13. Glass is a unique material for its capability to be recycled endlessly. As you can see, when compared to plastic water bottles, glass water bottles are far more versatile for its recycle friendly materials that are cannot be found in common plastic containers. From the points given it is clear that using glass bottles is an ideal to store your liquid of choice. Not only will you immediately notice a difference in taste, you will also be protecting yourself from becoming sick from invasive microbial bacteria that finds its ways in the pores of plastic bottles. But some might not favour the usage of glass bottles so they can always choose to use water bottles that are free from BPA as it is now widely sold in the market.

14. Other than that, we have to refrain from buying plastic drinking water bottled to save our environment. According to the article “Glass bottles vs Plastic Bottles”, most plastic water bottles are made up of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) , a plastic known to accumulate bacteria over extended periods of time. While it is a recyclable material, it is often unable to be properly recycled due to additives that are infused into the plastic. This has created a recycling problem that has escalated out of control, which many feel like is an impossible task to reduce. Plastic Oceans Foundation in the USA recently highlighted the seriousness of our plastic epidemic when saying that, nearly 300 million tons of plastic every year, half of which is for single use. More than 8 million tons of plastic is dumped into our oceans every year.

15. Let’s treat our body well by drinking filtered water in a reusable water bottled to ensure our safety because, according to a scholarly article by Leonard Sax he concludes: “that endocrine disruptors may leach into the contents of bottles made from polyethylene terephthalate (PET). PET is the main ingredient in most clear plastic containers used for beverages and condiments worldwide and has previously been generally assumed not to be a source of endocrine disruptors”

16. Drinking from reusable water bottled especially metal or glass bottles can save you a lot of money and prevent from getting ripped off because referring to an article “Glass bottles vs. plastic bottles” stated that according to the National Center for Biotechnology Information United States of America, “Antimony is a regulated contaminant that poses both acute and chronic health effects in drinking water.” Since glass is not composed of any harmful chemicals like antimony, BPA, or polycarbonate, it is much more safer for storing water within extended periods of time, especially when your water is left in the heat. We can continue to buy tons of bottled water from the grocery stores and ridiculously spending our hard-earned money on bottled water, or we can be smart and ditch the use of bottled water for a better and safer alternatives.

17. Please think about the consequences of our actions towards ourselves and especially towards mother nature because according to an article “A million bottles a minute: world’s plastic binge as dangerous as climate change” stated that Between 5m and 13m tonnes of plastic leaks into the world’s oceans each year to be ingested by sea birds, fish and other organisms, and by 2050 the ocean will contain more plastic by weight than fish, according to research by the Ellen MacArthur Foundation

18. With all these being said, I encourage once again for each of you to stop buying disposable single- use drinking water bottled for a better health, to save money and be environmentally aware. Filtered tap water are just as pure as it is and can ensure our safety for a better health and if you ever contemplating to buy single- use plastic bottles then think again because the fate of our environment and safety of our health is in our hands to decide. Let’s do it for the sake of our world, environment and especially ourselves.

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