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A group of researchers from the University of Michigan (University of Michigan) has been developing an “artificial placenta” for five years. The prototype device was successfully tested on premature lambs born much prematurely. The placenta supported the life of five lambs during the week – without its help, the animals simply would not have survived. Testing an artificial organ in premature babies is not yet discussed, but scientists have already received funding to continue research.
The placenta is formed only during embryonic development. It is necessary to ensure that the developing fetus receives nutrients and also serves to remove metabolic products. The researchers attempted to create a device that could perform similar functions, which would allow premature babies to develop as if they were still in the womb. The work of an artificial organ is based on the method of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation – the premature baby will be connected to the system until it is ready to take its first breath on its own.
Often, premature babies have breathing problems, develop serious infections, and in addition, complications resulting from preterm birth are the main cause of death in children under five. In the future, children may experience problems with development and communication. Artificial placenta, scientists believe, will give premature babies a chance to avoid many complications.

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