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EFFECTIVENESS OF VIRTUALIZATION TECHNIQUES IN CERT TECHNOLOGIES, KODAMBAKKAM, CHENNAI.

Submitted as a part of MBA Final year Course Requirement

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By
R G N SRIRAM
RA1652001010241
Under the guidance of
Mrs.A.CELINA

DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION
SRM INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
KATTANKULATHUR, CHENNAI

DECLARATION

I , R G N SRIRAM (RA1652001010241) ,hereby declare that the project report on “EFFECTIVENESS OF VIRTUALIZATION TECHNIQUES IN CERT TECHNOLOGIES, KODAMBAKKAM, CHENNAI.”submitted to SRM faculty of management in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the award of the degree of Master of Business Administration , is a record of the original research work done under the supervision and guidance of Mrs.A.CELINA (Assistant Professor) , faculty of management , SRM Institute of Science and Technology that it has not formed the basis for the award of any degree /associate ship/fellowship of other similar title to any candidate of any university.

Signature of the student

(R G N SRIRAM)

DATE:

PLACE:

BONAFIDE CERTIFICATE

Certified that this projectreport titled “EFFECTIVENESS OF VIRTUALIZATION TECHNIQUES IN CERT TECHNOLOGIES, KODAMBAKKAM, CHENNAI ” is the bonafide work of R G N SRIRAM (RA1652001010241) who carried out theresearch under my supervision.Certified further , that to the best of my knowledge the work reported herein does not from part of any other project report or dissertation on the basis of which a degree or award was conferred on the earlier occasion on this or any other candidate.

Submitted forthe viva-voce examination held on

HOD/ MBA INTERNAL GUIDE

(MRS.A.CELINA)

DEAN/ACADEMIC

INTERNAL EXAMINER EXTERNAL EXAMINER

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

First of all, I am thankful to S.R.M School of Management for allowing me to undergo project work for two months as a part of MBA curriculum in a reputed organization like “EFFECTIVENESS OF VIRTUALIZATION TECHNIQUES IN CERT TECHNOLOGIES, KODAMBAKKAM, CHENNAI.” to partially fulfill the management program.

I even show my gratitude towards Dr. PONNIAH , Dean(Academic) and my faculty guide assistant professor Mrs.A.CELINA (School of Management) without whose support my project would not be possible to complete.

I am thankful to Mr.N.LOGANATHAN, (RegionalManager) of CERT TECHNOLOGIES, KODAMBAKKAM, CHENNAI for allowing me to do the project in cert technologies.

I have been able to prepare my report successfully and I acknowledge a special thanks to my Parents and Friends without whose support it was impossible for me to make the project report.

ABSTRACT
All software companies seek out new ways to improve their productivity so as to be competitive in the market. . The demand from management to increase performance and efficiency has forced the concept and successful implementation of virtualization. The concept of virtualization helps out companies of all sizes in reducing the amount spent on the project, the work load of the operating personnel and in achieving the service level agreement. Though virtualization is becoming very popular these days, many companies have not yet showed any interest in adopting any of the virtualization techniques. One of the reasons may be because they aren`t aware of the actual benefits of it.
Though most of the software companies have started taking initiative in adopting virtualization techniques still it’s not clear how far they are into it; does it really help the software people to accomplish their target in time; does it help them out in reducing their work load; how far does it support business continuity and cost savings. This research will focus on analyzing these issues from employee’s point of view and also to find out the most sorted virtualization technique among the IT industry.
Virtualization technology, while not new, is growing at a significant rate in its use on servers and desktop machines and long ago lost its connection to mainframe systems alone. While challenges do exist, such as the unification of terminology, the development of even more robust software solutions, and the implementation of greater device virtualization support. Virtualization is still poised to make a significant impact on the landscape of computing over the next few years

The primary objective is to study the effectiveness of implementing virtualization techniques in Cert Technologies. Secondary objectives are to briefly discuss the various virtualization techniques currently in trend today, analyze what are the actual business benefits of corporations by implementing virtualization in particular and to find out the most adopted virtualization technique by the corporations.
Convenience sampling method has been used in the research work. Multiple choice questions have been chosen to collect the responses from 100 employees. The data collected has been analyzed through various statistical tools like Karl Pearson’s Correlation, Chi- square test and One-way Anova test.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER NO CHAPTERS PAGE NO
ABSTRACT
I 1.1 INTRODUCTION
1.2 COMPANY PROFILE
1.3 INDUSTRY PROFILE
1.4 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
1.5 NEED FOR THE STUDY
1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
1.7 OBJECTIVES
1.8 LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY
II REVIEW OF LITERATURE
III RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.1 HYPOTHESIS
3.2 METHODOLOGY
3.3 DATA COLLECTION
3.4 DATA ANALYSIS
IV DATA ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION
V 5.1 FINDINGS
5.2 SUGGESTIONS
5.3 CONCLUSION
ANNEXURE
BIBILIOGRAPHY
QUESTIONNAIRE

TABLE NO. TITLE PAGE NO
1 GENDER
2 AGE GROUP
3 YEARS OF IT EXPERIENCE
4 QUALIFICATION
5 DESIGNATION
6 ADOPTION OF VIRTUALIZATION TECHNIQUE
7 MOST POPULAR VIRTUALIZATION PRODUCT
8 BENEFIT OF VIRTUALIZATION
9 BARRIERS FOR ADOPTING VIRTUALIZATION
10 DOES VIRTUALIZATION HELP IN REDUCING WORK LOAD?
11 DOES THE VIRTUAL INFRASTRUCTURE EXPEDITE THE DEVELOPMENT AND TESTING OF THE NEW SYSTEM

12 IS GOING GREEN THE REASON BEHIND VIRTUALIZATION
13 IMPORTANT ROLE OF VIRTUALIZATION
14 OPERATIONAL CHALLENGES OF VIRTUALIZATION
15 DRIVING FORCE BEHIND IT COMPANIES TO GO FOR VIRTUALIZATION
16 SUPPORT THIS VIRTUALIZATION TECHNOLOGY
LIST OF TABLES

LIST OF TABLES
TABLE NO. TITLE PAGE NO
1 GENDER
2 AGE GROUP
3 YEARS OF IT EXPERIENCE
4 QUALIFICATION
5 DESIGNATION
6 ADOPTION OF VIRTUALIZATION TECHNIQUE
7 MOST POPULAR VIRTUALIZATION PRODUCT
8 BENEFIT OF VIRTUALIZATION
9 BARRIERS FOR ADOPTING VIRTUALIZATION
10 DOES VIRTUALIZATION HELP IN REDUCING WORK LOAD?
11 DOES THE VIRTUAL INFRASTRUCTURE EXPEDITE THE DEVELOPMENT AND TESTING OF THE NEW SYSTEM

12 IS GOING GREEN THE REASON BEHIND VIRTUALIZATION
13 IMPORTANT ROLE OF VIRTUALIZATION
14 OPERATIONAL CHALLENGES OF VIRTUALIZATION
15 DRIVING FORCE BEHIND IT COMPANIES TO GO FOR VIRTUALIZATION
16 SUPPORT THIS VIRTUALIZATION TECHNOLOGY

RESEARCH DESIGN
2.3 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
All software companies seek out new ways to improve their productivity so as to be competitive in the market. . The demand from management to increase performance and efficiency has forced the concept and successful implementation of virtualization. The concept of virtualization helps out companies of all sizes in reducing the amount spent on the project, the work load of the operating personnel and in achieving the service level agreement. Though virtualization is becoming very popular these days, many companies have not yet showed any interest in adopting any of the virtualization techniques. One of the reasons may be because they aren`t aware of the actual benefits of it.

NEED FOR THE STUDY

Though most of the software companies have started taking initiative in adopting virtualization techniques still it’s not clear how far they are into it; does it really help the software people to accomplish their target in time; does it help them out in reducing their work load; how far does it support business continuity and cost savings. This research will focus on analyzing these issues from employee’s point of view and also to find out the most sorted virtualization technique among the IT industry.

2.4 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
Virtualization technology, while not new, is growing at a significant rate in its use on servers and desktop machines and long ago lost its connection to mainframe systems alone. While challenges do exist, such as the unification of terminology, the development of even more robust software solutions, and the implementation of greater device virtualization support. Virtualization is still poised to make a significant impact on the landscape of computing over the next few years

2.5 OBJECTIVES

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE

To study the effectiveness of implementing virtualization techniques in Cert Technologies.

SECONDARY OBJETIVE

• To briefly discuss the various virtualization techniques currently in trend today

• To analyze what are the actual business benefits of corporations by implementing virtualization in particular.

• To find out the most adopted virtualization technique by the corporations.

2.6 Hypothesis

• Adoption of virtualization has a positive impact on cost savings.

• Adoption of virtualization has a positive impact on service level agreement.

• Adoption of virtualization has a positive impact on business continuity..
2.8 Methodology
Both Primary and secondary data were used for the research.

2.8.1 Data Collection
Questionnaire was used as my primary data collection tool. The sample for the survey was done through convenient sampling. 200 questionnaires were sent to some of the IT professionals whom I know in some of the software companies. The survey participants include software engineers, project managers and business analysts. The questions for the survey was about the various business benefits of virtualization.

2.8.2 Data Analysis
Statistical methods such as t test and correlation are used to analyze the collected data. These methods were executed with the help of statistical tools such as excel sheet and spss. The results of these statistical methods are discussed in inferential characteristics
The characteristics of the surveyed sample are described in sample characteristics and certain findings related to virtual concepts are described in descriptive statistics.

2.9 Operational Definitions of Concepts
There are two main concepts involved in this. They are business benefits and virtualization.

Concepts Indicators Variable

1 .business benefits
cost savings
1)No of servers
2)Operating personnel
3)Operating cost
4) less energy utilization
5) less space consumption

Performance

1)achieving service level agreement
2)Business continuity

Effectiveness

1)expedition of development and testing process

2. virtualization
Adoption of virtualization
Adoption of virtualization

Business benefits can be measured in terms of three parameters namely cost savings, energy utilization and space utilization.

1. Cost saving

One of the primary motives behind virtualization is cost reduction. It reduces the amount spent on the number of servers, operating cost and operating personnel. Also that it gives you a competitive advantage over the other competitors. Hence cost savings is considered to be one of the most vital business benefits of all. Cost is also saved through reduction in space and energy utilization.

a)Energy Utilization

As the number of servers utilized reduces, the energy consumption, the number of power cables used and the air conditioners used for regulating the room temperature too reduces. This also has a direct impact on the environment as it reduces the co2 emission and helps save the environment.

b)Space Utilization

The reduction in the number of servers reduces the space utilized in the office premises. This space can in turn be used for any other useful purposes.

2. Performance

Virtualization technique helps the company to effectively complete the task well in time by improving the business continuity and in expediting the new system development and testing process. Thus helps in achieving service level agreement.

3. Effectiveness

Virtualization technique improves the effectiveness of the organization by expediting the development and testing process which is one of the core activities of IT companies.

2.10 Limitation of the Study
Many employees weren’t aware of virtualization as it is a emerging concept. So the questionnaires could be distributed only among the IT professionals who had the knowledge of virtualization. This made the data collection a little difficult and consumed lots of time.

2.11 Chapter Scheme
This chapter will be continued with the discussion of the various types of virtualization technique and the business benefits for the organization in adopting them. This chapter will be followed by the industry profile of the information technology with respect to virtualization. The fourth chapter will be the analysis and interpretation of the data collected through the questionnaires. The fifth, the final chapter will enlist the findings and recommendations that have been derived out of the research.

CHAPTER III- COMPANY PROFILE

Cert Technologies is an international software development company based in Asia (Chennai, India). Having strong base and tie-ups in UAE, Europe and America. The company has expertise in onshore software development, offshore software development, IT Support, Sub-Contracting and Web design services.

We have domain expertise as mentioned under but not limited to it. We continuously strive to reach for new domains and skills:
· Education (Higher Education & R & D)
· Insurance (Life and Non Life, Claims Settlement)
· Healthcare (Hospital and Laboratory Management)
· Finance (Advisory, Stocks, M & F)
· Legal (Advisory)
· IT (BPO, Marketing, E-Learning, New Product Development)
We strive hard to provide the best end-to-end software solutions that enables many companies to build, deepen and generate better relationships with their customers, alliance partners and workforce.
We rely on our efficient customers and inhouse intellectual capital. With our experienced Directors, Project Managers, Macintosh and Windows Developers, Web designers, Macintosh and Windows Testers and Business Development Managers, we follow a flexible, proven methodology on each project to ensure our deliverables perform to specification and meet expectations.
TECHNICAL CAPABILITIES
We have good industry experience and we can handle projects in following technologies. Further we are well equipped to gear up easily to implement new technologies or solutions as per the client or the project needs. We have dedicated professionals in our R & D team which we have setup recently
• Operating System : Windows, Macintosh, Linux, UNIX, Free BSD, Symbian.
• G.U.I : VC++, VB, VF, Delphi, Visual Interdev, Java, Carbon, Cocoa.
• Case Tools : Rational Rose, Power Designer.
• Databases : MSSQL, Oracle, MS-Access, MySQL, Filemaker Pro(Macintosh).
• Tools : Codewarrior, Visual Studio, Project Builder, Interface Builder, Xcode, IFS, DDK, Rapidweaver.
• Technologies : .NET, Carbon, Cocoa, IRDA, WDM Drivers, USB, Applescript, Firewire, IO KIT.
• Internet : ASP.NET (VC# and VB.NET), J2EE, ASP, XML, PERL, CGI, PHP.
• Wireless Platforms : WinCE on PocketPC’s and Smart phones.
• Bug Tracking : Mantis, Bugzilla.
• Connectivity : ODBC, JDBC.
• Servers : MS Exchange server, MS BizTalk server, Lotus Domino Server.
• Web Graphics : Adobe Photoshop, Corel Draw, Illustrator, Fireworks, Flash, Image ready, PageMaker, Director, 3D StudioMax CS.
• Out-of-Box Software’s : Code warrior (Cross Platform development tool using C++ for Windows and Macintosh), Web crossing community board for iitiim.com (webcrossing.com), buildacommunity.com software’s for community building, VXMail (Voice Email Service), Credit cards (payment gateway on cybersmartinvestor.com), Shop site (E-commerce storefront building software), IMail (Ipswitch.com mailing service for NT Server.), WorldPay (payment gateway for crimeonline.info).

SERVICES
* OUR SERVICES *

We provide development and technical services as under :
• Client Server Software Development.
• Device Driver Development (Linux, Macintosh and Window)
• Plugin Development (Macintosh and Window)
• Macintosh based training for Cocoa, Carbon, Objective-C.
• Interactive Portals Designing ; Development and Hosted Applications.
• Multi-Platform Application Development. (Linux, Macintosh and Windows).
• Wireless Applications – for Mobile Phones and Handheld Devices
• High Resolution Multimedia and Graphical Presentations.
• Embedded Software Development for Telecom Industry
• Anti-Virus, Anti Spam, Anti-Phising Development.
* OUR PRODUCTS *

We provide support for following products which we have developed inhouse :
• Hospital Management and Information System (HMIS).
• Customizable Audio Player development (Macintosh / Windows).
• Spare Parts Management System cum Customer Relationship Management System.
• Practice Management Software for High/Supreme Court Attorney.
• Network Security and Forensics tools.
• Wireless Software for Stocks and Mutual Funds.
• Disaster ; Grievances Management System.
• Pharmaceutical Industry Software Solution.
• Community Awareness ; Messaging Service.
• Parallel Port Software for Windows.
• Motor, Fire and Marine Insurance Calculators.
• Pharmacy ; Laboratory Management System.
Cert Technologies has the capabilities and experience to help aspirants maximize their potential knowledge in order to impact their services and prove their worth.
Cert Technologies started its IT journey in April 2003 in Chennai with a team of 15 people, with a focus towards project development and professional training in Java and Dot net Technologies. In the initial stages, we received tremendous response from the students of engineering colleges all over Tamil Nadu. We served the students with our academic projects complying with IEEE standards.
We were able to prove our worth in the following areas.
• Embedded Systems
• Matlab
• Nano Technology
• Distributed Computing
• Mobile Applications
• ERP Applications
We assist more number of people with our student projects and provide exposure and support to the students with our technically qualified staffs every year. Lot of scholars from various colleges and universities are benefitted and hence, we still receive referrals from engineering colleges all over TamilNadu.
In a short span, we were able to spread our organization to inner parts of TamilNadu and started our next branch in a city called Trichy where it is surrounded with number of educational institutions. We got adequate support and response from the colleges and universities in and around Trichy.
After establishing our new branch in Trichy we expanded our horizon and continued to provide extensive support in college projects all over the southern parts of TamilNadu. We render adequate technical knowledge and information about current trends prevailing in the IT Industry through our training and project guidance. Thus we have a high success rate and satisfaction rate in both Chennai and Trichy.
Software training and beyond
Cert Technologies, known for diversified applications with top-notch technological approach has the experience and expertise to help you meet global IT challenges. We are Strong innovative team with focused attitude towards success. Cert Technologies is a global business solution provider in project training and development.
Cert Technologies understands the specific needs of career-oriented people and therefore offers customized computer courses for almost every segment of the IT industry. Cert Technologies approach is built on the success of using the right combination of strategy, people, processes, technology ; infrastructure to meet challenges ; specific needs of people.
Our intense training programs are designed not only for technology training but also to help students to understand the current trends and technologies that prevail in the market. It also provides adequate knowledge to understand the actual project requirements in any domain they work with.
These are job-oriented career courses, which open up global careers in the sphere of Information Technology. Careers courses with industry endorsed course curriculum gives you the best in IT education as they have been designed by industry veterans and professionals. These training programs are ideal for Organizations who provide on-campus induction programs for their employees to provide updates in the recent technologies.
We change your dreams into happy accomplishments

Training Highlights
• Experienced trainers
• Interactive training sessions
• Well equipped facilities
• Standard Text materials
• Placement Assistance

Courses Offered
Web Technology
• Java / J2EE
• Dot Net
• ASP / XML
• PHP / MySql
• Joomla / SilverLight
System Administration
• Unix/Linux
• Linux Administration
Database Administration
• Oracle 10G
• Oracle Database Administration
Multimedia ; Animation
• Adobe Page maker / Adobe CorelDraw / Adobe Photoshop
• Macromedia Flash / Dream Weaver / Fireworks
• Maya
Other specialization
• Embedded Systems
• Software Testing
• Maya
Project Training
Swift Entry into the Software World is necessary to pace up with the speed of the industry. Project exposure training gives practical development experience in the training phase itself. It helps the students to understand the necessities and the techniques required to plan, organize, develop, and test and implementation of the software projects. It explains and covers all the important Segments of Software Profession. It gives exposure to Real Life Projects.
These are job-oriented career guidance, which open up global careers in the sphere of Information Technology. Careers courses with industry endorsed course curriculum gives you the best in IT education as they have been designed by industry veterans and professionals.
Project Area
Java
• Cloud Computing
• Grid Computing
• Mobile Computing
• Nano Technology
• Networking Solutions
• Data Engineering ; Data Mining
• Secure Computing
• Parallel ; Distributed Computing
Dot net
• Cloud Computing
• Grid Computing
• Mobile Computing
• Nano Technology
• Networking Solutions
• Data Engineering ; Data Mining
• Secure Computing
• Parallel ; Distributed Computing
IT Consulting
Cert Technologies offers a full lifecycle of consulting and technology services with global capabilities. We offer business and technology advisory services to help companies analyze and improve business operations and strategies. Our projects prove their worth by catering the unique requirements of every industry, totally committed on delivery schedule and quality.
• Custom Software Development
• ERP And System Integration
• Application Management
• Web Development
• IT Outsourcing Services
• Consulting Services
From developing customized business strategies and technologies to helping clients deal with changing business and technology issues, Cert Technologies offers contemporary solutions based on tools, methodologies, and best-practices developed over years of experience. Our collaborative methods, efficient development techniques, and alliances with top technology companies allow us to develop high-quality application, development and integration solutions quickly and cost effectively.
We ensure high quality services through the following aspects.
• A team of professionals highly capable of designing state of the art quality projects
• Our crop of Project associates who are well versed in the latest web design and web programming technologies
• Prompt and dedicated support to our clients
• Our aim to achieve 100% customer satisfaction
• Quality services at affordable rates
• Reliable, known for timely delivery
Web Design and Development
Cert Technologies primarily based IT Solutions Company. Our core Services includes Software Development , web site coming up with ; Development, ERP ; CRM consulting services and Application Support Solutions. We offer high-quality, Software Services at wonderful and reasonable price. We have a tendency to be providing services, solutions and product to Enterprises worldwide.
Calling on the correct company for your complete IT Solutions will simply be the distinction between confidence and catastrophe.
We were able to prove our worth in the following areas.
• Application Development
• Application Enhancements
• Website Development
• Online searching Carts
• Software product
With 1st hand expertise within the IT sector, we have a tendency to perceive how the trade works and that we grasp precisely what our customers are yearning for. we have a tendency to constantly analysis the market to form certain we have a tendency to are up to hurry on all the newest developments. This implies our software services and product are continuously up up to now, providing you with skills which will be of real worth within the current trade market.
Our technical experience includes within the technologies like ERP, CRM, .Net, PHP, JAVA, J2EE, Oracle, Hardware ; Networking and Application Support delivery through Service Level Agreements.
We place a high premium on our folks, quality and business values. we have a tendency to develop our workers through continuous coaching program and supply them with opportunities to figure on state-of-the-art technologies.

INDUSTRY PROFILE

In all, IT services contain nine separate sub-sectors engaged in computer programming, publishing, telecommunications services, and entertainment. Nationwide, 5.0% of firms fall into the IT services sector, and account for 5.5% of employment and 7.6% of wages. Within IT services, arts, entertainment, and recreation account for the largest share of employment (30.8%), followed by computer systems design services (20.6%), telecommunications (15.7%), and publishing industries (14.5%)
3.1 History of Information Technology
3.1.1Scientific Origins and Legacies of the Internet

Though the Internet today is a vehicle for commerce, entertainment, news, and personal communication, its origins lie in scientific endeavor, and it has been fundamentally shaped by scientific practices and values. The Internet was originally created to support scientists, and its technical design reflected the needs and abilities of this group. Many striking aspects of Internet culture, which have been celebrated as “virtual community,” grew directly out of the scientific community’s ideals of openness, collaboration, and sharing of data and resources. The composition of the early Internet community also mirrored the wider scientific community on which it was based: white, male, and somewhat elite, but also international in scope.

3.1.2 Scientific Origins, Design Choices, and Culture

The Internet’s predecessor, the ARPANET, was built in the late 1960s by computer scientists funded by a US defense agency. The network had three goals: to save costs by allowing computers to be used more widely; to allow scientists to share resources such as specialized hardware, software, and data; and—most importantly—to strengthen the scientific community by making it easier for scientists to interact and collaborate. In the late 1980s the network was taken over by the civilian National Science Foundation and served scientists in a wide range of fields. While the original Internet was commercialized in the 1990s, next generation projects such as Internet2 share a similar structure, funded by government (with private sector partners) and run by scientific and educational organizations.

As a scientific project, the Internet was conceived as an object of research as well as a tool for research, and was therefore designed to use cutting edge experimental techniques and modes of analysis. To help explore the potential of this new technology, its creators made the Internet an open, modular, flexible, system that users could experiment with and modify. Its decentralized design contrasts sharply with most commercial products and systems, which tend to be closed and are designed to be “idiot proof” rather than inviting users to modify them. The Internet’s creators assumed that users would be technically capable, creative, and trustworthy—in other words, scientists like themselves.

These design choices had important consequences. The long term success of the Internet is largely due to its ability to grow and adapt to new infrastructure, such as Ethernet and wireless, and new applications, such as streaming video and peer to peer file sharing. The system’s openness to user experimentation encouraged grassroots innovations that became major applications, most notably the World Wide Web and more recently music sharing, games, and blogs. On the other hand, the Internet’s flexibility makes it unpredictable and hard to control. Its openness has made the Internet vulnerable to viruses and other attacks, spam, and fraud. Security measures have had to be retrofitted to reflect the reality that the Internet no longer serves just a community of colleagues but the entire world in all its diversity.

The culture of the Internet was also shaped by the scientific ideals, including openness, collaboration, and decision making by consensus. This has led to an emphasis on nonproprietary technologies, applications for sharing information and collaborating, horizontal rather than hierarchical lines of communication, and a sense of “virtual community” online. The creators of the Internet also put in place a remarkable consensus process for technical decisions, which is still operative in bodies like the Internet Engineering Task Force. The IETF’s bottom up, consensus based style has worked remarkably well for developing effective technologies in a timely manner while avoiding control by a single company or country.

While the Internet began in the US, from early days the group that designed it reflected the global nature of the scientific community. Computer scientists from France, England, and Japan were involved in the design of the Internet protocols in the 1970s, and academic computer networks in Europe and Asia connected with the US Internet in the 1980s to provide international email networks well before the Internet itself had become global. Today’s next generation Internet is also an international effort—though uneven levels of participation reflect the reality of unequal resources.

3.1.3 Conflicts and Policy Issues

The Internet’s origins as a tool for scientists laid the groundwork for a flexible, expandable, robust system that has successfully served a much larger population. But policy issues arise from the conflicting needs and desires of the Internet’s broader user base—including military, business, and ordinary users—and the need to expand and diversify participation. Scientists’ desire to treat the Internet as an open experimental system has repeatedly clashed with the military interest in a stable and secure environment. In 1983, for example, the Defense Department split off the military users from the ARPANET to create a second network called MILNET, so that military users would not be disrupted by scientists’ experiments with the network. A more recent dispute has been over the use and export of encryption technology, which the US government has tried to restrict in the name of national security. Computer scientists have argued that such restrictions are futile (since strong encryption is already available outside the US) and have a chilling effect on scientific communication.

There is also a gap in the US between the internationalism of the scientific community and the more narrowly nationalist outlook of the government. The US has been at odds with much of the world on issues such as technical standards, export restrictions for encryption, and the move to IPv6, which many countries see as necessary to create a sufficient supply of IP addresses (of which the US currently controls the lion’s share). Computer scientists have in some cases organized to insert the views of scientists into these political debates.

Habits of openness and sharing on the Internet also conflict with the desire of business interests for secrecy, closed proprietary interfaces, and tightly controlled dissemination of intellectual property. The 1970s saw debates over whether technical standards for networking should be proprietary or public, with the eventual triumph of the open TCP/IP standard thanks to US government backing. In the 1980s, tensions over business use of the taxpayer funded Internet eventually led to its privatization and commercialization. More recent conflicts focus on intellectual property, such as the entertainment industry’s push for harsh legal measures to restrict copying. Computer scientists have complained that these laws criminalize normal scholarly research and communication for scientists working in this area.

3.2 Industry snapshots
• The computer systems design and related services industry is among the economy’s largest and fastest sources of employment growth. Employment increased by 616,000 over the 1994-2004 periods, posting a staggering 8.0-percent annual growth rate. The projected 2004-14 employment increase of 453,000 translates into 1.6 million jobs, and represents a relatively slower annual growth rate of 3.4 percent as productivity increases and offshore outsourcing take their toll. (“Industry output and employment projections to 2014” by Jay M. Berman, Bureau of Labor Statistics)
• However, the main growth catalyst for this industry is expected to be the persistent evolution of technology and business’ constant effort to absorb and integrate these resources to enhance their productivity and expand their market opportunities.
• Employment of computer and information systems managers is expected to grow between 18 to 26 percent for all occupations through the year 2014. (Career Guide to Industries 2006-07)

3.3 Work Force Issues
1. Outsourcing
There is concern about federal, state and local government policy proposals that may restrict overseas outsourcing where labor costs are lower. Some companies move jobs overseas to remain competitive by managing labor costs. Others are opening new markets overseas for their products and hiring local employees as an incentive and an accommodation.
2. Government resources
Some stakeholders believe that the government can offer tax relief to small businesses for training their incumbent workers toward IT certification.
3. Role of government in industry’s workforce initiatives
Stakeholders also believe that government could serve as an honest broker for specific issues such as promotion and image, forecasting the future of the workforce and training needs. This could be a task for the public education system, where children could be introduced to the new, dynamic global workplace and learn more about the current business culture.
4. Skills and training
Over 90 percent of IT workers are employed outside the IT industry, which makes it necessary for them to have complementary training in their respective business sectors such as health care, manufacturing or financial services. Employers are also looking for well developed soft skills, transferable IT skills and adaptability in their workforce. Incumbent training programs may help in this respect, as could community colleges.

3.4 Skill Sets
(Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2006-07 Career Guide to Industries)
1. For all IT-related occupations, technical and professional certifications are growing more popular and increasingly important.

2. IT workers must continually update and acquire new skills to remain qualified in this dynamic field. Completion of vocational training also is an asset. According to a May 2000 report by the Urban Institute, community colleges play a critical role in training new workers and in retraining both veteran workers and workers from other fields.

3. People interested in becoming computer support specialists generally need only an Associate degree in a computer-related field, as well as significant hands-on experience with computers. They also must possess strong problem-solving and analytical skills as well as excellent communication skills because troubleshooting and helping others are such vital aspects of the job. And because there is constant interaction on the job with other computer personnel, customers, and employees, computer support specialists must be able to communicate effectively on paper, using e-mail, and in person. They also must possess strong writing skills when preparing manuals for employees and customers.
3.5 IT industry of India

Information Technology (IT) industry in India is one of the fastest growing industries. Indian IT industry has built up valuable brand equity for itself in the global markets. IT industry in India comprises of software industry and information technology enabled services (ITES), which also includes business process outsourcing (BPO) industry. India is considered as a pioneer in software development and a favorite destination for IT-enabled services. The origin of IT industry in India can be traced to 1974, when the mainframe manufacturer, Burroughs, asked its India sales agent, Tata Consultancy Services (TCS), to export programmers for installing system software for a U.S. client. The IT industry originated under unfavorable conditions and Local markets were absent and government policy toward private enterprise was hostile. The industry was begun by Bombay-based conglomerates which entered the business by supplying programmers to global IT firms located overseas.

During that time Indian economy was state-controlled and the state remained hostile to the software industry through the 1970s. Import tariffs were high (135% on hardware and 100% on software) and software was not considered an “industry”, so that exporters were ineligible for bank finance. Government policy towards IT sector changed when Rajiv Gandhi became Prime Minister in 1984. His New Computer Policy (NCP-1984) consisted of a package of reduced import tariffs on hardware and software (reduced to 60%), recognition of software exports as a “delicensed industry”, i.e., henceforth eligible for bank finance and freed from license-permit raj, permission for foreign firms to set up wholly-owned, export-dedicated units and a project to set up a chain of software parks that would offer infrastructure at below-market costs. These policies laid the foundation for the development of a world-class IT industry in India. Today, Indian IT companies such as Tata Consultancy Services (TCS), Wipro, Infosys, and HCL et al are renowned in the global market for their IT prowess. Some of the major factors which played a key role in India’s
emergence as key global IT player are:

1. Indian Education System

The Indian education system places strong emphasis on mathematics and science, resulting in a large number of science and engineering graduates. Mastery over quantitative concepts coupled with English proficiency has resulted in a skill set that has enabled India to reap the benefits of the
current International demand for IT.

2. High Quality Human Resource

Indian programmers are known for their strong technical and analytical skills and their willingness to accommodate clients. India also has one of the largest pools of English-speaking professionals.

3. Competitive Costs

The cost of software development and other services in India is very competitive as compared to the West.

4. Infrastructure Scenario

Indian IT industry has also gained immensely from the availability of a robust infrastructure (telecom, power and roads) in the country. In the last few years Indian IT industry has seen tremendous growth. Destinations such as Bangalore, Hyderabad and Gurgaon have evolved into global IT hubs. Several IT parks have come up at Bangalore, Hyderabad, Chennai, Pune, Gurgaon etc. These parks offer Silicon Valley type infrastructure. In the light of all the factors that have added to the strength of Indian IT industry, it seems that Indian success story is all set to continue.

3.6 Efforts towards going “green”

More than 20 years of research into carbon pollution now strongly suggests that human activity is having a profound impact on the Earth’s climate. The almost indisputable evidence has now forced many governments to action by implementing tangible strategies and policies that reduce carbon emissions. As one of the many measures to tackle the problem, it calls for countries to implement carbon emissions trading schemes to steadily reduce pollution, but at a cost to businesses.
So what has all this got to do with storage? The net effect of these new trading systems, coupled with the fact that the world’s reserves of non-renewable resources are rapidly depleting, means the cost of power is rising. In the past, the cost of powering and cooling data centers was negligible and was often not even factored into the IT budget. However, according to an IDC article in 2008, recent surveys suggest that with continued deployment of applications and data doubling every 18 months, power and cooling costs has grown by eightfold in 2010!

In another survey, by Gartner Consulting, findings showed that the power consumption required to run and cool data centers accounts for almost a quarter of global carbon dioxide emissions from the information and communication technology sector. And the StorageIO Group reports that storage itself accounts for between 37 and 40 percent of total energy usage from hardware. With business accounting for a substantial share of greenhouse gas pollution, many organizations have developed social responsibility policies to help protect the environment. Demonstrating to customers and their respective industries makes them not only conscious of the issue, but care about being part of the solution, is important for organizations. A number of large multinational companies, such as Citigroup, Vodafone, HSBC, and British Telecom, have already committed to carbon reductions within their companies, some aiming to be carbon neutral altogether.

All these factors are prompting businesses to look at innovative ways to become more efficient users of power in order to comply with government policies, control their budgets, and protect their reputations, along with the environment. Many IT vendors are already actively delivering products that have less environmental impact. Through streamlining production processes, many vendors have eliminated waste, requiring less carbon-dependent power. Smarter designs of components such as processors and power supplies, and the ability to spin down inactive disks, reduce the running costs, and use of non-hazardous materials in the product itself protects the environment when it is disposed of.

However, these initiatives only go part of the way. With data storage growing at such exponential rates, together with the inefficiency of traditional storage networking, provisioning and application consumption methods, storage virtualization can go the next step by eliminating unnecessary waste By tiering storage resources and aligning the right storage characteristics to the value of the information, organizations can use platforms that utilize disk spin-down technologies for archive data, for example, that is infrequently accessed.

3.7 Emergence of Virtualization in IT Industry
The roots of virtualization are best seen in the computer “time sharing” practices of the late 1950s and early 1960s. Time-sharing was necessary in these distributed computing environments because the technology was extremely expensive. It was not practical to dedicate a computer system to a single user, thus a scheme for dividing the resources among many users was developed. These schemes often used “executive programming” which employed a combination of software and hardware in order to delegate (based on a specified time interval) which user would receive attention from the central processing unit at a particular time (Popell, 1966). As we will see, this process is similar to that of what we know today as virtualization, in that a layer of abstraction is created in order to logically assign the use of a computer asset. A related concept, multi programming , also garnered much attention in this time frame.
In 1967 IBM announced the IBM\360 version 67, which was the first computer to contain “virtual memory,” a method in which disk space is used to expand the RAM size of a machine. Later, in the 1970s, the emergence of the “virtual machine” came about. With the virtual machine, an entire system (software and hardware) could be emulated in a contained environment. The virtual machine is perhaps the first form of virtualization, as we know it today. Obviously, these last two instances are an influence on the nomenclature of what we now refer to as virtualization. With the introduction of Intel’s recent release of its “Vanderpool” technology (and AMD’s subsequent “Pacifica” technology), which provides hardware native server virtualization functionality, the concept of virtualization has taken one step further toward becoming a high-impact, common practice in the enterprise.
CHAPTER IV
DATA ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION
4.1 Introduction
This chapter enlists the results of the analysis of the primary data collected from the IT employees.
200 questionnaires were sent to some of the IT professionals whom I know in some of the software companies. The survey participants include software engineers, project managers and business analysts..The questions for the survey were about the various business benefits of virtualization.

At first the characteristics of the sample chosen for the survey is described. It is followed by the descriptive characteristics of the data. Finally the inferential characteristics of the collected data are described. The data collected was analyzed through statistical tools such as spss and excel.
4.2 Sample characteristics
4.2.1 Gender
Table
S.NO PARTICULARS NO OF RESPONDENTS PERCENTAGE
1 Male 63 63
2 Female 37 37
TOTAL 100 100
Figure

Inference
The questionnaire on virtualization was sent to 150 employees of the IT companies out of which 100 employees responded and sent across their views on virtualization. The rest of the fifty employees were not aware of the virtualization technique and its benefits. Out of the 100 respondents 63% of the employees were male and the rest of the 37% of the respondents were female.
4.2.2 Age Group
Table
S.NO PARTICULARS NO OF RESPONDENTS PERCENTAGE
1 20-30 80 80
2 30-40 20 20
3 40-50 0 0
TOTAL 100 100

Figure

Inference
Most of the respondents were between the age group of twenty to thirty. After this category of respondents the next highest of responses were obtained from thirty to forty age group of people. No response was obtained from forty to fifty age group of employee as most of them were in senior positions and so was busy with their work.
4.2.3 Years of IT Experience
Table
S.NO PARTICULARS NO OF RESPONDENTS PERCENTAGE
1 1-2yrs 45 45
2 3-4yrs 30 30
3 5-6yrs 15 15
4 >6yrs 10 10
TOTAL 100 100

Figure

Inference
From the above table it is inferred that 45% of the respondents have 1 to 2 years of experience, 30% of the respondents have 3 to 4 years of experience, 15% of the respondents have 5 to 6 years and 10% of the respondents have more than 6 years experience. Most of the respondents have 1 to 2 years of experience

4.2.4 Qualification
Table
S.NO PARTICULARS NO OF RESPONDENTS PERCENTAGE
1 UG 65 65
2 PG 25 25
3 Diploma 10 10
4 Doctoral 0 0
TOTAL 100 100

Figure

Inference
From the above table it is inferred that 65% of the respondents are UG graduates, 25% of the respondents are PG graduates and 10% of the respondents are diploma holders. Most of the respondents are UG graduates

4.2.5 Designation
Table
S.NO PARTICULARS NO OF RESPONDENTS PERCENTAGE
1 Software Engineer 65 65
2 Project Manager 13 13
3 Business Analyst 10 10
4 Others 12 12
TOTAL 100 100
Figure

Inference
Among the 100 respondents, the highest numbers of responses were from the software engineers who made use of these virtualization techniques in their projects. They constituted 65% of the total responses. The next highest of responses were obtained from project managers; many of whom had a clear cut idea about the business benefits on the adoption of the virtualization technique. They constituted 13% 0f the total responses. 10% of the respondents were business analyst and the rest of the respondents were also IT professionals other than the above mentioned three designations.
4.3 Descriptive statistics
4.3.1 Adoption of Virtualization Technique
Table
S.NO PARTICULARS NO OF RESPONDENTS PERCENTAGE
1 Server Virtualization 28 28
2 Desktop Virtualization 25 25
3 Storage Virtualization 13 13
4 Operating System Virtualization 12 12
5 Network Virtualization 22 22
TOTAL 100 100

Figure

Inference
From the responses collected from 100 IT professions it shows that almost all the companies starting from big to small have started adopting virtualization technique. Out of all the virtualization techniques Server Virtualization is the most preferred virtualization technique. It accounts for 28% of total adoption of the technique. The next highly preferred technique is that of desktop virtualization which accounts for 25% of the total. The next in line is network virtualization which makes up to 22%.The last in line are the Operating system virtualization and storage virtualization which makes up 12% and 13% respectively.
Out of all the virtualization technique Server virtualization is considered to be the most popular and adopted virtualization technique.
4.3.2 Most Popular Virtualization Product
Table
S.NO PARTICULARS NO OF RESPONDENTS PERCENTAGE
1 VM ware ESX 5 5
2 VM Ware Virtual centre 10 10
3 VM Ware 9 9
4 Storage V motion 11 11
5 VM ware VDI 19 19
6 Microsoft Hyper V 23 23
7 Citrix xen source 10 10
8 VNC Viewer 13 13
TOTAL 100 100

Figure

Inference
When asked for the specific virtualization product that they currently employ in their company, most of them voted for VM ware VDI. VM Ware VDI was the most preferred product in Desktop virtualization. It got positive response from 19 respondents of the total. Among the server virtualization Microsoft’s Hyper-V was voted the highest. In network virtualization nearly three quarters that is 13% of the survey respondents cited VNC viewer as being deployed in their company.
4.3.3 Benefit of Virtualization
Table
S.NO PARTICULARS NO OF RESPONDENTS PERCENTAGE
1 Maximize computer resources usage 15 15
2 Cost reduction 43 43
3 Flexibility 11 11
4 Agility 22 22
5 Space utilization 9 9

TOTAL
100
100

Figure

Inference
From the above table, it can be inferred that out of 100 respondents 43% of the respondents are cost reduction is most significant business benefit of virtualization while 9% of the respondents are space utilization is most significant business benefit of virtualization. Most of the respondents are cost reduction is most significant business benefit of virtualization.
4.3.4 Barriers for Adopting Virtualization
Table
S.NO PARTICULARS NO OF RESPONDENTS PERCENTAGE
1 Network Issue 22 22
2 Application Performance 31 31
3 Budget 16 16
4 Management 7 7
5 Scalability 13 13
6 Operational Issues 11 11
TOTAL 100 100

Figure

Inference
Though there is an opinion that virtualization is a pretty old concept, its adoption has been very slow. Some of the factors that are generally considered to be barriers for the adoption of virtualization were put across the survey respondents and were asked to choose among them the factors which according to them is considered highly a barrier.
Some of the factors which were cited to be the most barriers by the survey respondents were network issues, application performance and budget which were voted by 22, 31 and 16 members of the total respectively. Scalability and management were not considered to be a big issue in the adoption of virtualization and was voted by a very few of the respondents, that is 13 and 8 members respectively.

4.3.5 Does Virtualization help in reducing work load?
Table
S.NO PARTICULARS NO OF RESPONDENTS PERCENTAGE
1 High 31 31
2 Medium 59 59
3 Low 10 10
TOTAL 100 100
Figure

Inference
Most of the IT employees have to come across several ordeals due to work pressure. At times when they are loaded with heavy work they find it to be hectic and become exhausted soon. This in turn affects organizational performance. When asked about this issue to the survey respondents, 31% of the employees felt that the adoption of virtualization highly helps them in reducing their work load. 59% of the employees felt that the adoption of virtualization has medium effect on workload
reduction and 10% of the employees said that the adoption of virtualization does not help them out in their work load reduction.
4.3.6 Does the virtual infrastructure expedite the development and testing of the new system?
Table
S.NO PARTICULARS NO OF RESPONDENTS PERCENTAGE
1 High 78 78
2 Medium 15 15
3 Low 7 7
TOTAL 100 100
Figure

Inference
The development and testing of new software is one of the core activities of the IT organizations.
The adoption of virtualization in many ways will enable the software personals to develop and test the new systems in a fast pace by the provision of virtual working environment. In order to obtain the employees opinion on this, the respondents were asked to what extent the adoption of virtualization expedite the development and testing process. 78% of the respondents said that the adoption of virtualization highly helps them in development and testing process. 15% of the respondents voted to be medium and 7% of the respondents voted it to be low.
4.3.7 Is Going Green the Reason behind Virtualization
Table
S.NO PARTICULARS NO OF RESPONDENTS PERCENTAGE
1 Yes 23 23
2 No 54 54
3 Do Not know 23 23
TOTAL 100 100

Figure

Inference
With business accounting for a substantial share of greenhouse gas pollution and other hazardous environmental impacts, many organizations have developed social responsibility policies to help protect the environment. . Many have an opinion that the organizations go for virtualization in order to be branded environment friendly. When asked about this issue to the survey respondent that whether going green is the main motive behind virtualization, a majority of them cited no as the answer for the question.54% of the respondents answered disagreed that that going green is the main motive behind virtualization. 23% of the respondents agreed to the statement and the rest of the 23% were not sure of the answer.
4.3.8 Important Role of Virtualization
Table
S.NO PARTICULARS NO OF RESPONDENTS PERCENTAGE
1 Reduces IT complexity 14 14
2 Enables standardization 25 25
3 Improves agility 31 31
4 Improves cost-efficiency 10 9
5 Facilitates automation 21 21
TOTAL 100 100
Figure

Inference
From the above table, it can be inferred that out of 100 respondents 31% of the respondents are improves agility is the important role of virtualization while 9% of the respondents are improves cost-efficiency is the important role of virtualization. Most of the respondents are improves agility is the important role of virtualization.
4.3.9 OPERATIONAL CHALLENGES OF VIRTUALIZATION
Table
S.NO PARTICULARS NO OF RESPONDENTS PERCENTAGE
1 Capacity Management 27 28
2 Security Risks 43 42
3 The Risk of Making Errors 11 10
4 Operational responsibility varies by geography 20 20
TOTAL 100 100
Figure

Inference
From the above table, it can be inferred that out of 100 respondents 42% of the respondents are security risk is the operational challenges of virtualization while 10% of the respondents are risk of making errors is the operational challenges of virtualization. Most of the respondents are security risk is the operational challenges of virtualization.
4.3.10 DRIVING FORCE BEHIND IT COMPANIES TO GO FOR VIRTUALIZATION
Table
S.NO PARTICULARS NO OF RESPONDENTS PERCENTAGE
1 Underutilized hardware 21 21
2 Data centers run out of space 29 29
3 Green initiatives demand better energy efficiency 11 10
4 Need for Advancement was inevitable 22 22
5 To stay ahead in the competition 18 18
TOTAL 100 100

Figure

Inference
From the above table, it can be inferred that out of 100 respondents 29% of the respondents are Data centers run out of space is the reason of the IT companies to go for virtualization while 10% of the respondents are Green initiatives demand better energy efficiency is the reason of the IT companies to go for virtualization. Most of the respondents are Data centers run out of space are the reason of the IT companies to go for virtualization.

4.3.11 SUPPORT THIS VIRTUALIZATION TECHNOLOGY
Table
S.NO PARTICULARS NO OF RESPONDENTS PERCENTAGE
1 Yes 60 60
2 No 40 40
TOTAL 100 100

Figure

Inference
From the above table, it can be inferred that out of 100 respondents 52% of the respondents are supporting this virtualization technology while 48% of the respondents are not supporting this virtualization technology. Most of the respondents are support this virtualization technology.

4.4 Inferential Statistics
Based on my objective to analyze the business benefits of the organizations on the adoption of virtualization techniques I formulated the following hypothesis.
1. Adoption of virtualization has a positive impact on cost savings.
2. Adoption of virtualization has a positive impact on Service level Agreement.
3. Adoption of virtualization has a positive impact on Business Continuity.
As one of the variable is dependent over the other t test is done to test these hypothesis. T test and correlation test for these hypotheses was done through excel and spss statistical tool.
4.4.1 Correlation
When the primary data collected through questionnaires was analyzed certain variables was found to be correlated with each other.
1. Cost and service level agreement was found to be correlated as the Pearson’s r is 0.338 which is significant at the 0.05 level (2-tailed).
Service Level Agreement refers to the contracted delivery time of the service. If the service level agreement is not achieved then the company is liable to its clients and has to pay penalty as signed up in the agreement. This is a loss for the company. Thus service level agreement and cost are correlated.
2. Cost and space was found to be correlated as Pearson’s r is 0.258 which is significant at the 0.01 level (2-tailed).
As the number of servers used is reduced through server virtualization, the space utilized by the servers is also reduced. As the space utilized by the servers reduces the amount spent on the rental charges also reduces. Thus cost and space are correlated.
4.4.2 T Test
1. For first hypothesis `Adoption of virtualization has a positive impact on cost savings’ the T value obtained for this was one sample t (100) = 46.784, p = 0.01 which is significant.Hence the first hypothesis is accepted.This hypothesis emphasizes that the adoption of the virtualization especially the server virtualization reduces the operational cost for an organization. Reduction in the operational cost would be of great help for the organization, as the company can utilize this amount for the further growth and expansion of the company. Hence adoption of virtualization would serve as a good strategy for the company in providing lesser priced goods and services to the consumers than their competitors.
2. For second hypothesis `Adoption of virtualization has a positive impact on service level agreement’ the T value obtained for this was one sample t (100) = 72.590, p = 0.01 which is significant. Hence the second hypothesis is accepted.
Service Level Agreement refers to the contracted delivery time (of the service) or performance. It is negotiated agreement between two parties one is the customer and the service provider. As adoption virtualization helps in expediting the development and testing of new systems, it has a direct impact on achieving the service level agreement. So the adoption of virtualization is a sort of competitive advantage for an organization
3. For third hypothesis `Adoption of virtualization has a positive impact on business continuity’ the T value obtained was sample t (100) = 31.202, p = 0.01 which is significant. This value of the T test is considered to be a convincing one. Hence the third hypothesis is accepted. In case of any mishaps or chaos in the organization the entire working can be replicated to another datacenter or else it can be backed up and restored at a different location. Hence adoption of virtualization helps in the business continuity of an organization and never affects the business continuity.
Findings
1. Many of the IT employees are not aware of the virtualization techniques and its benefits.
Nearly half of the employees to whom the questionnaires were sent didn’t respond properly because they weren’t aware of the virtualization techniques. Once all the employees become aware of all the virtualization concepts, they will find it to be more interesting to work with it. This will have a great impact on their performance.
2. Server virtualization is the most popular type of virtualization.
Server virtualization didn’t lose its popularity even after a very long time. Still more and more of the companies go for server virtualization due to its extraordinary benefits.
3. Not only the server virtualization the other types of virtualization like desktop and network virtualization too started gaining popularity.
Three to five years back it was just the server virtualization that was dominating the market. Now due to advance in technology and increase in competition the other types of virtualization like desktop virtualization and network virtualization too have been used widely in the companies.
4. Adoption of virtualization helps companies to perform better.The adoption of virtualization techniques helps the employees to achieve their service level agreement on time. Even at times of failure and downtime, virtualization helps in recovery and business continuity. Overall virtualization increases the performance of the organizations.
5. Adoption of virtualization increases the effectiveness of the organizations
The adoption of virtualization technique helps in expediting the development and testing of the new systems. This enables the employees to complete their task at a fast pace. Hence it increases the effectives of the organization.
6. Adoption of virtualization results in cost savings.
Creation of the virtual instance of the working environment reduces the cost as compared to the creation of the original working environment which requires lots of hardware, software, space and energy. This is one of the strategies that the company can follow in order to have a competitive edge over the others.
7. One of most barriers in the adoption of virtualization is application performance.
One of the reasons which stop companies from adopting virtualization is application performance. Next to this the other factors that were found to be the barriers for the adoption of virtualization are budget and management.
8. Going green is not the main motive behind virtualization.
Though there is a general notion that many companies go for virtualization in order to be branded environment friendly, the main reason behind adopting virtualization is the business benefits achieved out of it.
Conclusion
Though virtualization is the buzz word today, still many organizations hesitate to adopt virtualization techniques taking in to the consideration of the barriers like network issues, budget, management and application performance etc… Whatever may be the barriers, still these factors are manageable. Once these barriers are overcome and the technique is adopted, the organizations will start realizing immense benefits out of it. Most importantly it results in the increase in the performance, efficiency and effectiveness of the organization. Over to that it helps out the organizations in cost reduction, which is one of the main benefit all the organizations aim for.
Suggestions
1. The management of the organizations has to focus on educating the employees on the virtualization concepts soon after its adoption. This will induce special interest in the employees while working with it; which in turn will increase the organizational performance.

2. The management has to encourage Investment in R;D for implementing virtualization in its various business units according to their needs.

APPENDIX

QUESTIONNAIRE
1) Name : ___________________________
2) Organization : ___________________________
3) City : ___________________________
4) Gender?
? Male
? Female
5) Which age range do you fall into?
? 20-30
? 30-40
? 40-50
6) Years of IT Experience
? 1-2yrs
? 3-4yrs
? 5-6yrs
? ;6yrs
7) Qualification
? UG
? PG
? Diploma
? Doctoral
8) What is your designation?
? Software Engineer
? Technical associates
? Project Manager
? Business Analyst
? Specify if any other
9) Which adoption of Virtualization Technique do you prefer?
? Server Virtualization
? Desktop Virtualization
? Storage Virtualization
? Operating System Virtualization
? Network Virtualization
10) Which is the Most Popular Virtualization Product?
? VM ware ESX
? VM ware Virtual Centre
? Storage V Motion
? VM ware VDI
? Microsoft Hyper V
? VNC Viewer
11) Which is the most significant Business benefit of Virtualization?
? Maximize computer resources usage
? Cost reduction
? Automation
? Flexibility
? Agility
? Space utilization
12) What would be the Barrier for Adopting Virtualization?
? Network Issue
? Application Performance
? Budget
? Management
? Scalability
? Operational Issues
13) Does Virtualization help in reducing work load?
? High
? Medium
? Low
14) Does the virtual infrastructure expedite the development and testing of the new system?
? High
? Medium
? Low
15) Is Going Green the Reason behind Virtualization?
? Yes
? No
? Do not Know
16) What is the most important Role of Virtualization?
? Reduces IT complexity
? Enables standardization
? Improves agility
? Improves cost-efficiency
? Facilitates automation
17) What are the Operational Challenges of Virtualization?
? Capacity Management
? Security Risks
? The Risk of Making Errors
? Operational responsibility varies by geography
18) What is the driving force behind IT Companies to go for virtualization?
? Underutilized hardware
? Data centers run out of space
? Green initiatives demand better energy efficiency
? Need for Advancement was inevitable
? To stay ahead in the competition
19) Do you support this Virtualization Technology?
? Yes
? No

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