If a resident has dementia it can affect both an individual’s long and short- term memory. It can affect their recognition of people or things, their speech and they may struggle to communicate their wants and needs. It can also affect their understanding, concentration and orientation. I find that using Pictorial communication can be a good tool for an individual with dementia as they can often recognise the picture but not understand the word that you are saying. Also if you are asking an individual if they would like a bath for example I find that assisting them to the bathroom and showing them the bath allows them to understand what you were asking them.