In 1995 the term ’emotional intelligence’ was popularized by Dr. Daniel Goleman, a psychologist and behavioral science journalist, in his book, ‘Emotional Intelligence’.
The term Emotional Intelligence has been used to describe the ability of an individual to recognize their own and the emotions of other peoples, to distinguish between their different feelings of and label them appropriately, and to use emotional information toguide behavior and thinking.
The term “emotional intelligence” has been first appeared in a paper by Michael Beldoch in1964, in the 1966 paper written by B.Leuner which was entitled as emotional intelligence and liberation which appeared in the psychotherapeutic journal: practice of child psychology and child psychology.
Subsequently this term appeared in a doctoral thesis of Wayne Payne, a study of emotion, developing emotional intelligence from 1985. The first published use of this term “emotional intelligence” (EQ) is an article by Keith Beasley in 1987 in the British Mensa magazine. In 1989, Stanley Greenspan put forward a model to describe EI, followed by another by Peter Salovey and John Mayer published in the same year.
In 1990, Salovey and Mayer proposed the existence of a new intelligence, Called “emotional intelligence.” Drawing on research findings in the areas of emotion, intelligence, psychotherapy, and cognition, it has been suggested that some people might be more intelligent about emotions than others (Salovey & Mayer, 1990, p. 189). We called attention to people’s problem solving in areas which are related to emotion: recognizing emotions in faces, understanding the meanings of emotion words, and managing feelings, among others. Collectively such skills undeclared the existence of a broader, overlooked capacity to reason about emotions: an emotional intelligence (Cacioppo, Semin, ; Berntson, 2004; Haig, 2005). It has been later characterized as the problem-solving which people carried out as falling into four areas, known as “branches” (Mayer ; Salovey, 1997).