International court of justice (ICJ) in French cour internationale de justice known as the World Court and it was established in 1945 by the united nation as the principal of judicial organ (article 7, U.N charter). The plan for the creation of an international court to solve the international disputes first arose throughout the different conferences that created the Hague Conventions with in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The international court of justice is composed of 15 judges who are elected by the General Assembly and the Security Council for a nine-year term of workplace furthermore as judges select their president and vice-president, and each elected a three-year term and might selected administrative work as necessary. The official language of the court is French and English. It has seated in the peace palace at the Hague (Netherlands). Article 26-29 of the statute allow the court to create littler chambers more than not 3 or 5 judges to listen cases. Two sorts of chamber are reflected over by article 26: firstly, chamber for special categories of cases, and second the arrangement of advertisement ad hoc chambers to listen specific debate. In 1993, an uncommon chamber was built up, article 26(1) of the ICJ statute to deal especially with natural things (although it has never been used)
Functions of jurisdiction of international court of justice
1. Contentious issues
2. Incidental jurisdiction
3. Advisory opinions
Sources of internal court of justice
The article 38(1) of the statute of the international court of justice lists the sources that the ICJ used for solving the disputes.
(a) Treaties: Treaties area unit similar contracts and guarantees between countries and states as well as it is often written or signed. Treaties will address any fields, such as trade relation North American Free Trade agreement and control of nuclear weapons Nuclear Non-Proliferation treats.
(b) Custom: customary international law (CIL) is tough than the written treaty because of it is created by the actions of states referred to as state practice.
(c) General principles of law: the general principal of law reorganised by civilized nations are assured legal beliefs and practices that are common to all develop legal system.
(d) Judicial decisions and legal scholarship: Subsidiary means for determination of rules of law and Judicial decisions means when national court of the many countries begin accepting a certain principal as legal justification.