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One of the most prevalent issue in today’s society is human trafficking. It is often not talked about, even though it has thrived into many different parts of the world and is the worst thing that can be inflicted on to someone. Article 3, paragraph (A) of the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress, and Punish Trafficking in Persons defines human trafficking as “the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or receipt of persons, by means of the threat of use of force or other forms of coercion of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of the person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation.” It is successful because the risks of getting caught are low, and if caught, a trafficker’s punishment is minor, and there is a lot of money to be made. Human trafficking is the third largest international crime industry and it reportedly generates a profit of $32 billion every year. Also, countries with high levels of poverty have a higher chance of human trafficking.
To start, human trafficking occurs because of disempowerment, being socially excluded and economic hardships. They are the result of policies and practices that marginalize entire groups of people and make them particularly vulnerable to being trafficked.
Natural disasters, conflict and political turmoil weaken already tenuous social protection measures. Individuals are vulnerable to being trafficked not only because of conditions in their countries of origin, however. The allure of opportunity, the relentless demand for inexpensive goods and services and the expectation of reliable income drive people into potentially dangerous situations where they are at risk of being exploited.

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