There are some forms of plagiarism practiced, such as direct copying of one word to another word, or one full paragraph, or one full page of someone else’s work without any reference. Modification of the word without reference is also categorized as plagiarism if it is not given references or not properly mentioned.
a)Acamedia and journalism
Some institutions use plagiarism detection software to uncover potential plagiarism and to deter students from plagiarizing. The plagiarism by students, professor or researchers is considered academic honesty or academic fraud, and offenders are subject to academic censure, up to and including expulsion. Nevertheless, each year students are brought before their institutions’ disciplinary boards on charges that they have misused sources in their schoolwork. The practice of plagiarizing by use of sufficient word substitutions t o elude detection software, known as rogeting has rapidly evolved as students and unethical academics seek to stay ahead of detection software.
According to Bela Gipp academic plagiarism encompasses, ” The use of ideas, concepts, words or structures without appropriately acknowledging the source to benefit in a setting where originality is expected. T. Fishman also stated that plagiarism occurs when someone uses words, ideas or work products. Next, attributable to another identifiable person or source or without attributing the work to the source from which it was obtained.