The Maritime Silk Route of the 21st Century is a project promoted by China and observed very closely by other countries, this may seem that it is not a new idea, but it is a different idea. This system includes an update to the existing infrastructure and makes use of the historical trade routes between China, Central Asia, Asia Minor, the Middle East and Europe.
According to the research of the Hong Kong Trade Development Council (HKTDC), this ambitious project aims to unite China and Europe through Central Asia and Russia, to connect China with the Persian Gulf making use of Central Asia and in the same way to unite China and Southeast Asia to the Indian Ocean. In addition to the land routes, China wants to promote the Maritime Silk Route to create connections between China and Europe making use of the South China Sea, the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean.
The intention to include the maritime route in the Silk Road project is to reduce the cost of transport and improve existing maritime trade routes. The final goal of this system is to create a logistics center for Asia, which integrates several markets, increases regional cooperation and effectively helps the distribution of resources throughout the region.
The maritime route that will form one of the key pieces of the OBOR initiative, also known as the Silk Road of the 21st century, counts with seven of the ten largest ports in the world which are in China and these infrastructures they make the Asian giant an important exporter of port management services.
The Maritime Silk Route heading east will start in Fujian Province and pass through Guangdong, Guangxi and Hainan, before heading south to the Strait of Malacca. From Kuala Lumpur, the Route will follow Kolkata and Colombo, then cross the rest of the Indian Ocean towards Nairobi. And from that point of the African continent, will cross the Horn of Africa looking for to cross the strategic Gulf of Aden you have arrived at the Red Sea.