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Through years, decades, and centuries of revolution and discovery, mankind has undergone many transformations. Though one subject remains unconquered, and this question exists as the core of humanity. Has the corruption of humans been inherent, or does this malevolence develop as a result of exposure to society? The novel Frankenstein by Mary Shelley illustrates that all are born benevolent and that it is only through the hardships that one endures do they then grow corrupt. The monster, Frankenstein’s creation, serves as a prime example of the revelation. The scene of his birth depicts the innately good nature he once possessed while also emphasizing his lack of knowledge about the world, especially humanity. The sharp rejection the creature experiences only reveals the ugly side of humanity to him, and from this exhibition, the monster learns. Moreover, his descent to evil is a result of Frankenstein’s quick rejection, as this lack of support in turn causes the creature to be ill-equipped to handle society’s critical response to his presence. Thus, by utilizing what he learned of humanity based on his experiences with humanity, the creature turns into a monster.
While Frankenstein states that the monster was born a monster, the monster claims that he “was benevolent and good” (87) prior to giving in to malignity. Though the monster demonstrates that he has some benevolence within him by chopping wood, the validity of his claim of being born inherently good can only be checked through assessing the time in which he was born. Though Frankenstein misconstrues the actions and intent of the creature as a result of being blindsided by the creation’s horrifying appearance, their encounter simply involves the creature, who upon seeing Frankenstein, smiles at the sight of his presumed father figure and the hand that reaches out to “seemingly detain Frankenstein” (44), is in fact a gesture to receive affection similar to the way a child would upon seeing their parent. The creature’s actions reflect that of a young child and evidently lacks malice, proving that the creature was in fact born benevolent. Furthermore, this scene highlights Frankenstein’s poor actions as he chooses to flee and abandon his responsibilities as a creator and parent, all for the reason that the creature he creates is too unsightly.
The same wretched appearance that chases away Frankenstein serves as the creature’s curse, as it drives away other people he encounters. Lacking any insight of the large world before him as he has no guide to lead him, the creature’s next encounter with humanity are even worse than his first. Mankind’s cruel response shape the creature in such a way that when he comes across DeLacey’s family, he “longs to join them but dares not.” (98) As the creation becomes more hesitant about approaching humanity and attempts to distance himself from a family he finds himself growing attached to, he discovers loneliness. This loneliness causes the creature to crave the companionship he has always been missing. Hence, when the creature is shunned by the only humans who exhibited to him traits besides fear and hate, he uses all that he has learned from humanity- rejection, brutality, and loneliness- and allows these emotions to fester within him and morph into barbaric rage.
Due to Frankenstein’s failure as a parent, the creature is unable to handle the harsh treatment he suffers from humanity. The monster was initially good, but by being “wrenched by misery to vice and hatred,” (210) he could not endure the torture and turns into the evil monster he is now. He furthermore feels that through positive experiences he still has the chance to become benevolent again, but this last chance at companionship is destroyed by Frankenstein. This final rejection serves as the creature’s tipping point. As Frankenstein’s absence causes the monster to lack the emotional development he needed to keep himself from becoming evil, the monster turns to seek retribution for his unjust treatment. The monster acknowledges that he is “malicious because he is miserable” (134), and by combining all the ugly he has learned from humanity, the monster turns into a sadistic murder.
Though Frankenstein’s creation was initially born benevolent and kind, the harsh experiences he from both his creator and society causes evil to harbour within. Unable to handle humanity’s numerous rejections, the monster is forced to do what he deems fitting in the situation- eliminate the humane aspect of humanity within him. But in turn, the monster’s decision to embrace savagery closely aligns with the choices that are typically made by mankind. After all, he is simply imitating what he observes, and that is to give in to corruption.

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